Yao Shun Translation Tips on Practice - 譯者,你夠冷靜醒目嗎?(下)

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譯者,你夠冷靜醒目嗎?(下)

翻譯涉及的歧義問題,比一般人的想像普遍。筆譯固然可能處處地雷,口譯更往往草木皆兵。

平日講話,不時即會有類似的歧義現象出現:

My roommate is a German student.

一下小心就會解錯譯錯:"German student"既可以是由德國來的某君,同樣可能是唸德語的同學。

"Ah Mei was my wife"怎麼翻?「前妻」還是「亡妻」先要弄個清楚(例如她是否尚在人間),否則闖禍可大可小咯。(不留神更容易將"was" 聽錯為"is"。)

"Mary wants to marry a sailor."驟耳聽來簡單不過,英語水平一般的都會懂,偏偏內有乾坤──可曾留意"a sailor"既可指早有對象或者仍未有既定人選呢?

  • 瑪麗想嫁海員。(即為海員妻)

  • 瑪麗想嫁給某個海員。(即對象某君業出海)。

"Her boyfriend is Indian."如果你翻為:「她的男有是印度人」可能大錯特錯──中文此語在亞洲講,大多數沒有問題,但是在北美洲,幾乎肯定是指「印第安人」(即"red Indian"族人),如果美加人士指印度裔人士,許多時還是要指明為"Indian Indian"!

同理,看看這句話:"Fly across the continent is cheap."其中的"continent",在英國是指「歐洲大陸」,在美加是指北美呢洲大陸。

專業翻譯這個江湖,只適合醒目又醒定一族生存。

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